FIVE TO RULE THEM ALL:
The UN Security Council and the Making of the Modern World.
By David L. Bosco.
Oxford Univ. Press. 310 pp. $24.95
In the sweltering summer of 1944, two months after D-Day, British and Soviet diplomats joined the Americans in Washington to discuss how the three powers that were shaping the world could preserve the peace in the years to come. Their answer was a grand body of member states—the United Nations—with responsibility for peace and security falling to a “Security Council.” This elite club would have five permanent members—the United States, Britain, and the Soviet Union, plus France and China—with the power to veto any proposed...