Before the Fall
The fall of the Berlin Wall was a dramatic moment in time. In the minds of many East Germans, it was years in the making.
We remember the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989 because it was such a perfect metaphor—joyful Germans running into each other’s arms as an entire system crumbled, lighting the night with relief and exhilaration. On November 9, the world celebrates the end of communism and the liberation of millions from decades of oppression.
Today, few remember the years of patient effort by dissidents and activists from Warsaw to Budapest that set the stage for that...