Essays

public agencies and private institutions

"Benefits and Burdens: A Report on the West Bank and Gaza Strip Economies Since 1967"
Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 345 E. 46th St., New York N.Y.
10017.164 DR. $3.75 Author: ~riah Van Arkadie
Since Israeli occupation of the Gaza Strip and the West Bank of the Jordan River after the Six Day War, economic changes have created an improved "new status quo" for the one million native Palestinian Arabs under Israeli control....

's 1868 war of independence; Antonio Maceo and Mdximo Gomez, veterans of the 1868 and 1895 rebellions against Spain; Josi Marti, martyred leader of the 1895 revolt; and Camilla Cienfuegos and Ernesto Chi Guevara, early Castro lieutenants in the Sierra Maestra.
The Wilson QuurterlyWinter 1978
56
Last June, the United States and Cuba began the process of restoring formal diplomatic relations. Already American dip- lomats have been stationed in Havana, and Cuban diplomats in Washington. Such tentative...

PAPERBOUNDS
ETHICS IN MEDICINE: Historical Per- spectives and Contemporary Concerns. Edited by Stanley Joel Reiser, Arthur J. Dyck, and William J. Curran. M.I.T., 1977.679 pp. $19.95 (cloth, $40)
This comprehensive text developed for use in medical courses at Harvard is also a unique sourcebook for lawyers, legis- lators dealing with health plans, and lay citizens. It opens with selections from the Corpus Hippocratium (probably written by Pythagorean philosophers in the 5th to 4th centuries B...

"There are laws of political as well as of physical gravita- tion," John Quincy Adams observed in 1823, drawing an anal- ogy between the fate of an apple severed from a tree and the destiny of a beautiful island 90 miles off the coast of the newly acquired territory of Florida: "Forcibly disjoined from its own unnatural connection with Spain and incapable of self-support, [Cuba] can gravitate only toward the North American Union,
Copyright @ I977by Martin J. Sherwin andPeter Winn.
The...

One day last spring, while walking along the breakwater in the once fashionable western section of Havana, I spotted a pair of massive high-rise buildings facing the ocean on an isolated promontory. "What are they?" I asked my Cuban companion. "Those are the living quarters of Soviet and East European technicians and their families," he said.
What did he think, I asked, of Soviet "influence" on Cubans and the Cuban Revolution? "It doesn't exist," he replied....

The story starts with Columbus. But the explorer's October 27, 1492 landing on Cuba (after he had blundered about for a couple of weeks in the Bahamas), did not cause a sudden, disrupting change of the sort that has characterized much of Cuban history.
Convinced that he had found Marco Polo's fabled Asian island kingdom of Cipango (probably Japan), Columbus sent men inland seeking gold and "the Khan." They found neither, and he sailed on, leaving no settlement behind.
Britain's Hugh T...

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GROWTH OF MAJOR POLITICAL PARTIES
The Founding Fathers saw no place for political parties in their vision of
America. But, inevitably, competition for the presidency produced two
political groupings that have survived occasional factionalism. Jefferso-
nian Republicans ultimately became Democrats preferring a strong chief
executive. Federalists moved in the opposite direction as they became first
Whigs, then Republicans. Leftists of a Communist or Socialist persuasion
stood apa...

dpdf-doc>
COM

GROWTH OF MAJOR POLITICAL PARTIES
The Founding Fathers saw no place for political parties in their vision of
America. But, inevitably, competition for the presidency produced two
political groupings that have survived occasional factionalism. Jefferso-
nian Republicans ultimately became Democrats preferring a strong chief
executive. Federalists moved in the opposite direction as they became first
Whigs, then Republicans. Leftists of a Communist or Socialist persuasion
stood ap...

Seymour Martin Lipset's study offers some revealing insights into American society and the nature of our political parties.

Four months after Inauguration Day, President Carter invited his party's congressional leadership to the White House for a breakfast-table briefing on the economic policies of the new administration. Charles L. Schultze, chairman of the Council of Economic Advisers, displayed charts showing that, with full cooperation from business, labor, and consum- ers, it might just be possible to generate enough economic growth to balance the federal budget by 1980, as the President had promised.
Bert Lance,...

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