Essays

ATEGIC ARMS CONTROL

ARMS CONTROL
"THE AMERICAN WAY"

The modern arms control community in the United States was born in the late 1950s. Its family tree exhibited two very dissimilar roots. On the one hand, there was the nuclear- scientific group that had designed the means for mass de-struction and had begun to feel guilty about its technical triumphs; on the other, there was the small but rapidly growing group of "defense intellectuals" who did not feel personally or co...

Reviews of new research public agencies and private institutions 'The State of Academic Science" Based on a Study by the National Science Foundation, Change Magazine Press, NBW Tower, New Rochelle, N.Y. 10801. 250 pp. $5.95. Authors: Bruce L. R. Smith and Joseph J. Karlesky. Academic science retains the declining in several fields (physics, strength and vitality that have made chemistry, mathematics), and some such exceptional contributions to departments-as well as individual America's overall...

the Stanford Arms Control Group, edited John H. Barton and Lawrence
D. Weiler (Stanford, 1976, cloth & paper). Mention is made of Isaiah 2:4 (8th century B.c.), "They shall beat their swords into plowshares, and their spears into pruninghooks"; of a disarmament conference of 14 feudal states held in 546 B.C. in Honan, China, ending a 70-year series of wars; of pre-Renaissance "rules of warfare" (includ- ing the Mohammedan ban on poison-ing wells); of Columbia University...

Technology has infatuated the American people for at least a hundred years, but only in the 1970s have significant portions of society begun to raise questions about its costs in energy, about environmental damage, and unexplored alterna- tives. Nuclear weapons are surely the most deadly product of that love affair. Since the late 1940s, the United States has based its security overwhelmingly on atomic and hydrogen warheads. Could we have prevented a nuclear arms race with the Soviet Union? Probably...

Samuel F. Wells, Jr.
Technology has infatuated the American people for at least a hundred years, but only in the 1970s have significant portions of society begun to raise questions about its costs in energy, about environmental damage, and unexplored alterna- tives. Nuclear weapons are surely the most deadly product of that love affair. Since the late 1940s, the United States has based its security overwhelmingly on atomic and hydrogen warheads. Could we have prevented a nuclear arms race with...

A year ago, American newspapers headlined the election
defeat of the prime architects of Sweden's famed welfare
state, the Social Democrats, who were suddenly out of power
for the first time since 1932. The shift prompted new looks by
scholars at the future of Sweden's controversial, oft-

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