In Essence

Andrew J. Pierre, in Orbis (Win-With Terrorism ter 1976), 3508 Market St., Philadelphia,
Pa. 19104.
International terrorism is clearly on the rise and cannot be regarded as a passing phenomenon. During the two decades prior to 1969 an annual average of 5 aircraft hijackings occurred; in the early 1970s, writes Pierre, an American arms control and European security spe- cialist at the Council on Foreign Relations, more than 60 took place each year. The past six years have seen more than 500 major...

permitting development in a more "mature" environment. The only child suffers from the lack of opportunity to teach younger siblings-a handicap affecting last-born children, too.
Thus, some of the decline in SAT scores may be attributed to a steady fall in the percentage of first children born between 1947 and 1962 (from 42 percent to 27 percent), resulting in fewer children taking the SAT who have the intellectual advantages of being firstborn. The proportion of first children has been...

Jessica Lea-
Chinese Oil trice Wolfe, in Asian Survey (June 1976), University of California Press, Berkeley, Calif. 94720.
China's fast-growing petroleum industry-315 million barrels produced in 1972, increasing 20-25 percent annually-has attracted attention in the West especially since the 1973-74 energy crisis. Most specialists look at China's oil exports potential. But it is more valuable to observe Maoist principles of economic development, argues Jessica Leatrice Wolfe, a graduate student...

Harold S. Russell, in OfHelsinki American Journal of International Law
(Apr. 1976), 2223 Massachusetts Ave., N.W., Washington, D.C.20008.
The Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe (CSCE) was inevitable, writes Russell, principal U.S. negotiator for the initial "Dec- laration on Principles" signed in Helsinki August 1, 1975. It was a necessary element in the "process of detente." Failure to conclude an agreement would have raised serious doubts about the viability...

Thomas E. Patterson and Rob- Elections ert D. McClure, in Psychology Today (July1976), P.O. Box 2990, Boulder, Colo. 80302.
Patterson and McClure puncture some fashionable assumptions about television's influence in American elections. The authors, both political scientists at Syracuse University, analyzed every televised political commercial and network weekday evening newscast during the 1972 Nixon-McGovern contest. They also interviewed more than 600 voters -at the start, midway, and end of...

1962, Nkrumah had gone on the political defensive. He re- versed his nationalist policies and deliberately fostered ethnic differ- ences in the military and elsewhere to divide his political foes. Grad- ually, tribalism revived. In the Army's 1966 anti-Nkrumah coup, the original plotters, all Ewes, added an Ashanti, a Ga, and a Fante only at the last moment. Nkrumah's last ditch supporters were almost all northerners, whom he had favored with top army and police posts, or members of Nkrumah's own...

inexpensive missile-carrying smallcraft; these threats may deprive the Big Navy of its traditional pervasiveness and purpose.
"The Yom Kippur War-In Retrospect"
Technological Lt. Col. J. Viksne, Royal Australian
S~prise.~ Signals Corps, in Army Journal (May
1976), Department of Defence, Canberra,
Australia.
Colonel Viskne's detailed analysis of the October 1973 Yom Kippur War argues once again that for every innovation in warfare there is ulti- mately a countermeasure. In the 1967...

Thomas E. Patterson and Rob- Elections ert D. McClure, in Psychology Today (July1976), P.O. Box 2990, Boulder, Colo. 80302.
Patterson and McClure puncture some fashionable assumptions about television's influence in American elections. The authors, both political scientists at Syracuse University, analyzed every televised political commercial and network weekday evening newscast during the 1972 Nixon-McGovern contest. They also interviewed more than 600 voters -at the start, midway, and end of...

Had-Rethinking the ley Arkes, in Commentary (May 1976), 'Inevitable" 165 E. 56th st., New York, N.Y. 10022.
Opening the governments of Italy and France to indigenous Communist participation would seem to be an idea "whose time has come." Yet what is the commitment of those parties to the principles of parlia- mentary democracy? Arkes, a professor of political science at Amherst, says the evidence indicates that their commitment is "rooted in noth- ing more substantial than a...

Lester Turning Points Thurow, in Harvard Magazine (July-For America Aug. 1976), P.O. Box 301, Uxbridge, Mass.
01569.
MIT economist Thurow looks at what lies ahead for the economy in America's third century and finds some serious problems obscured current misconceptions. Contrary to popular belief, he contends, economic growth has not brought us more leisure time, but less: "American families are working more and more, with fewer and fewer hours at home." (Hours of paid work by women...

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